Types of Heat Pumps

Are you considering buying a new heating unit for your home? An energy-efficient heat pump could be precisely what your home needs. It’s very common that people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but new, energy-efficient models can split your heating costs in half. They also supply cooling in the summertime for year-round comfort from a single system.

If we’ve sparked your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the many types of heat pumps before you determine what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a special genre of HVAC system that provide heating and cooling. In the summer, they work in a similar way to an AC, using electricity to pull heat from your home. But when the weather is cold, a reversing valve allows the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their remarkable efficiency. Because they move heat rather than produce it from a fuel source, heat pumps can reach more than 300% efficiency. This compares to a maximum of 98% efficiency for the most efficient available gas-fired furnaces. By opting for a heat pump, you’re not just deciding on comfort; you’re selecting a setup geared toward sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Although heat pumps have a number of subcategories, each one falls into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most frequently found type of heat pump. HVAC technicians find that setup is typically uncomplicated, and these systems perform very well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a method for heat exchange. In other words, they draw heat from the outside air during the winter and take heat out of your home during the warm months.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is situated near a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump may be an option. These systems run using water as the medium for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less common than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water close to the home, these are a worthwhile option for homeowners with the right environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you want the single most efficient climate control method available, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are good systems to consider. These systems use the earth’s stable underground temperature to create consistent and incredibly efficient heating and cooling. The drawback to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and price of installation, which often involves excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

After you know what heat pump style you need in your home, the next step is to choose the right subtype. Your choices include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you live in a region with extreme temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can provide the best of both worlds. These heat pumps are offered in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps switch between these sources, changing with current weather conditions for optimum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces rely on the heat pump during mild weather. Then, when temperatures plummet, the gas-fired furnace starts up, conserving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Merging green energy with home heating and cooling is a fantastic way to reduce your energy bills and benefit the environment. Solar heat pumps function using power generated by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally friendly homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have even more choices for setting up your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the standard setup for the majority of homes with existing ductwork. The interior unit is often installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the exterior unit is on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this type of installation, all mechanical elements are placed in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is ideal for homes or commercial buildings lacking indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions where ductwork isn’t present. Each room can have its own indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, supplying targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These small devices are perfect for small spaces or to meet passing needs. While less efficient than other options, they provide quick and straightforward installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you’re ready to install a heat pump, turn to the certified team at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our seasoned crew will make sure your heat pump system is customized to your needs, from installation to scheduled maintenance to occasional repairs.

Prepared to indulge in home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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